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The Reserve of Biguglia



The Pond of Biguglia

Picture a mountain.
At its feet, a lagoon pond lazily streches its forms between sky, earth and sea...

The place exist, it even stands out in the north-east of Corsica, between Bastia and the mouth of the most considerable river of the isle, the Golo.

The Pond of Biguglia, formerly pond of Chiurlinu, is the biggest of the isle: 1450 hectares, 11 kilometres long, and a width which reaches a its maximum 2,5 kilometres !
Lining the sea (it is separated from it only by a narrow "lido" whose width does not exceed a kilometre), it streches on the four towns of Furiani, Biguglia, Borgo and Lucciana, taking in fact almost the whole littoral of the plain of Marana.

The exceptional character of this natural place of interest however does not stop to its landscaped quality. Its inscription on the list of humid zones of an international importance, on account of the Convention of Ramsar, and also on the list of the inventory of zones with special protection on account of the European Directive which is relative to the wild birds' preserving, without forgetting its classification in nature Reserve, attest an ecological interest which is particularly remarkable.

And mainly biological: the patchwork of muddy places, salt meadows sheeps, grazed grasslands and other herbariums which embellish the shores of the pond offers, with the richness of the fauna of invertebrates that it shelters, as much areas of reproduction and feeding to many animal species.
So, the inventory of the birds fauna which is regularly observed on the pond, instances more than 120 birds species, whose 19 nesting species, 68 summering and 53 wintering.

Four species plenty winter on the strech of smooth water ("macroule" coot, tufted duck, "milouinan" tufted duck and big cormorant), while various species of central or northern Europe reach the roses places for a winter stay ( kingfisher, reed bunting, "remiz" titmouse or whiskered "lusciniole").

The muddy places in the north of the pond are much frequented by migratory water birds. Observations which are done since almost two decades, show that most of the "limicoles", of the big waterbirds and of the "larides" (seagulls, gulls, "stemes" and "guifettes") of Europe stay in the muddy places.

Moreover the pond presents very strong potentialities for fishing, for they provide since a very long time a craft fishing which is based on the use of the fishes' migratory characteristics and on the natural filberting from the sea.
Seaeels, grey mullets, basses and "atherines" represent the main part of the production, the first representing 65% of the catches.

Reel marvel of nature, the nature Reserve of Biguglia finally is distinguished by an amazing richness in the flora, .Two terms are essential. 'Variety" but above all, "Rarity" : it emerges from the botanical inventory that about thirty species are rare or very rare, whose certain requires a special care (Kosteletzkya pentacarpos, Thelypteris palustris and Tamarix africana ).

The exceptional character pond's international recognition, on which the classification in nature Reserve, constitutes a considerable progress in the protection of a such place of interest.

Extract Mer et Littoral [ M. Laudato ]


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