The Peninsula of Girolata
The Reserve of Scandola
Yellow Coral _ Leptopsammia pruvoti
[ Ph. Antoni]
An evocation of Girolata
The Peninsula from the end of the world.
[ extract Terres de Corse ]
A few times away, Girolata had neither electrecity nor telephone. The postman
was the only link with the country.
Still today, no road leads to this village of fishermen.
Here, the isle has kept its wild savor. The green of the scrub mingles with
the blue of the water.
Then it comes to our mind that a such splendor contains in it a touch of miracle.
At the extremity of the peninsula of Girolata ...
A model Reserve
The Nature Reserve of Scandola is situated at
the heart of the maritime façade of the Natural
Country Park, streching on 80 kilometres, from the peninsula of Capo
Rosso (town of Piana) to the north limit of the town of Galeria.
It is on the Natural Country Park of Corsica initiative that the Reserve was
officially created by ministerial decree, on the 9th december 1975, which makes
it the most senior nature reserve of Corsica.
Besides, Scandola was the first reserve of France whose aim
was the preservation of the natural heritage which is in the same time of earth
and of sea.
Since 1982, it belongs to the network of the sea and coastal areas especially
protected of the Mediterranean. Its exemplary management brought it the diploma
of the A category of the nature european Reserves given in 1985 by the European
Council, diploma which is renewed in 1990 and in 1995.
A Protected Paradise
The Peninsula of Girolata [ Ph.Desjobert]
There are more than 450 seaweeds. For certains, Corsica constitutes the only
zone of mediterranean predilection. On the side of the vertebrates, 125 species
are in the inventory whose abundance is remarkable, especially for those which
have become rare in the Med: the grouper (Epinephelus gaza or Epinephelus marginatus),
the "badAche" (Epinephelus alexandrinus), the "denti" (Dentex
dentex) or the "corb" (Sciaena umbra, also called Corvina nigra).
Do not go believing that this profusion throws off balance the environment.
Every age brackets are represented there.
In the sublittoral level, the most favorable to sea environmet's life, the
changings of temperature and of salinity are moderate. Life harmonously develops
there. Nothing hinders the photosynthesis of vegetals, animals find there their
food, and the food chain, so complex it is, can set up.
The edible sea urchin (Paracentrotus lividus) and the black one (Arbacialixula)
have a liking for limp and calcareous seaweeds.
We find there a blue limpet (Patella caerulea), schools of "saupes"
(Sarpa salpa or Boops salpa), "sars" (Diplodus vulgaris, sargus or
cervinus), mullets (Mullus surmuletus), "oblades" (Oblada melunera),
Far lower down, from thirty and toward forty metres, it is the circalittoral
level, the paradise of the divers. The"coralligene", one of the most
extraordinary landscape of the Mediterranean, spreads. The mineral cornices
and draperies cover themselves with gorgonias (Eunicella singularis and Paramuricea
Extract Mer et Littoral
[ Ph. Lombard ]
Then there are the red coral (Corallium rubrum), sponges, "ascidies"
and a green seaweed answering to the sweet name of Halimeda tuna.
Our king-fish, the grouper, appears in the shadowy light, the spiny lobsters
(Palinurus elephas) too and the barbel (Anthias anthias).
- The Regions
- The other Natural Reserves
- The Boat Trips
- The Diving Headings