The Palace of the Governors in Bastia [
Ph. L Acquaviva]
The Guardians of Art and History
Many archaelogical museums attest the presence of these civilizations
which havepopulated Corsica. From Filitosa to the Dame of Bonifacio the
marks of history are numerous.
Art, more recent, is also present through the prestigious collections
of italian primitives of the Fesch Museum of Ajaccio, the richest one
after the Art gallery of the Louvre one, in Paris.
Finally Art expresses today its vigor through many expositions throughout
Many initiatives like the one of the Regional Fund of contemporary Art
of Corte surround and stimulate this permanent creative richness.
The Archaeological Museums
- LICNICOI Archaeological Museum
[ Albertacce ]
- The Jérome Carcopino Museum [
Museum of site, theMatra
Fort shows in eleven rooms materials collected in Aleria from
the 5th century B.C.to the 5th century A.D.
The first two rooms concern the roman town; next to objects reminding
of the everyday life ( net rings, amphoras, weavers' small scales)
a few vestiges (lamps marked with a monogram of the Christ) appear,
attesting the far christian past of the isle for Aleria was the
first island cathedral town created in the second half the 4th
The other nine rooms are consecrated to the pre-roman necropolis
Craters, cups, attic and "campamen" "lecythes",
"oenoches" and etruscan "stamnos" (greek vase
to preserve wine) illustrate the richness of the international
city of the pre-roman Alalia.
In order to preserve the homogeneity of the furniture which has
been discovered, most of the showcases present the whole archaeological
materials collected in each sepulture. More than 5000 objects
are shown in this way. This number has doubled in 1992 with the
opening of the rooms of the second floor.
Jean-Claude Ottaviani Curator
- The Museum of Corsican
Ethnography [ Bastia
- The Museum of Archaeology [ Levie
The archaeological collections have mainly their origins in the
excavations of the sites of the plateau of the Pianu of Levie (Caleca,
Capula, Cucuruzzu, Curacchiaghiu, Nuciaresa, Santa Catalina...).
The museum present varied documents which are relative to the ways
of life and to the techniques adopted by men from the Preneolithic
(7th millenium before our era) until the Middle Ages 15th century
Preneolithic (7th millenium)
We can notice the presence of the only human vestige of that time
exposed in Corsica (6570 B.C) and also of the skeleton of an animal
species which has today disappeared (the Prolagus Sardus Wagner).
Neolithic (6th - 3rd millenium)
All the innovations of the Neolithic are well represented: invention
of the pottery, the use of new lithic tools, domestication of
vegetal and animal species. The punched pottery (the "curasien"),
the "cardiale" pottery, the pottery with incised and
plastic decoration are always presented in association with lithic
documents used by men. The story of the first breeding is entirely
restored with the help of unique collections (whole skeletons
of animal species which were domesticated from the 6th millenium).
Chalcofithic (2700 /2500 B.C)
The discovery of a new metal (copper) with the presentation of
new tools (flat axes) marks the end of the Neolithic.
The Bronze Age (1800 to 700 B.C)
The use of a new crockery (jars or pots of a big volume and with
flat bottoms) indicates that man needs containers destined to
the stocking of the footstuffs and thus better adapted to this
new lifestyle. The presentation of the new type of housing (the
castellu) refers to the two archaeological sites opined to visits
(Capula and Cucuruzzu).
Iron Age (700 to 50 B.C)
This period is evoked with the help of a pottery with varied forms
(dish, bowl, cup,
pot with lid, jars, etc), of various jewels illustrating all the
artistic movements of this time ( "fibules", bangles,
rings, chains, pearl necklaces). A female skeleton exhumed in
Capula reveals the funeral rites of the time.
The Middle Age The crockery is original ( small jug from Pisa
of the 14th century and painted ceramic) and a few coins attest
the occupation by Pisa, then by Genoa of the isle.
- The Museum of the
Corsican Prehistory [ Sartène
The Museums of a more Recent or Current Past
A Few Books to Go Further....